Operation in a harsh environment requires robustness and high reliability. Depending on the application there are special requirements such as low power consumption for long mobile device run times and long-term availability in stationary applications in long-life platforms such as trains or switchboards. Other aspects include telemetry and/or networking functions. Remote maintenance and timely information exchange up to hard real-time requirements are mandatory for many applications
The scope of applications is wide: Public transportation systems and commercial vehicles , traffic lights, signaling, control systems in traffic and railway technology. Another wide range of applications covers freight forwarding and logistics such as shipping order and distribution systems and GPS-based tracking.